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AFC - Previously looked-after children
AfC Virtual School

Previously Looked-After Children

Support and advice for previously looked-after children's parents, guardians and schools


Pupil Premium Plus


Every child adopted from care or with a Special Guardianship Order (SGO) or care arrangements order in England and Wales attracts a grant of £2,345 per annum as long as they have been in care for at least 24 hours. This funding, known as Pupil Premium Plus (or abbreviated to PPP, PPG and PP+) is paid directly by the government to your child’s school. The school is required to use the funding to promote educational achievement and emotional and social welfare by providing specific, targeted support. Children and young people are eligible for this grant between reception and Year 11.

In order for the school to receive this grant, each eligible child must be recorded on the annual autumn school census.

Unfortunately Pupil Premium Plus funding is not available to all previously looked-after children. Children are not eligible if they have been adopted from outside England and Wales unless it can be demonstrated that they have been previously looked after by a public authority, a religious organisation or other provider of care whose sole purpose is to benefit society. Children who are home educated are not eligible for the grant.

The statutory guidance on the roles and responsibilities of designated teachers suggests that where parents are unable to provide clear evidence of their child’s status, schools will need to use their discretion.

To receive the pupil premium plus grant, a child or young person must be registered on the autumn census. If they have not been registered, the funding will not be forthcoming from the DfE until the following year. Because there is only one opportunity to register each year, if you choose to inform your child’s school of their adoptive status, this needs to be done in the summer term or as early as possible in the autumn term.

Spending Pupil Premium Plus funding

'Both Virtual School Heads and schools manage their PP+ allocation for the benefit of their cohort of looked after or previously looked after children and according to children’s needs.  It is not a personal budget for individual children; however, both VSHs and schools may choose to allocate an amount of funding to an individual to support their needs.'

From: Promoting the Education of Looked after Children 2018 (DfE) 

While virtual school head teachers manage Pupil Premium Plus funding for the cohort of children looked-after, schools are responsible for the allocation of this budget to benefit all children previously looked-after. As a parent, you may wish to discuss how this funding is being used. Examples of best practice include funding an emotional literacy support assistant in the school or a pupil premium champion and subsidising or paying for school trips, holiday or after school club attendance.

Early years funding

Children aged 2 years old who have been adopted from care are entitled to a free early education place. They can also benefit from the Early Years Pupil Premium (EYPP) when they are aged 3 and 4. This contributes additional funding to early education placements to help your child’s nursery or childminder to help improve the education they provide for children who need more support. You will need to tell the education provider that your child is adopted in order for them to claim the EYPP.